Internet Gambling Laws – US, UK and the World

Legal minds turned to Internet gambling laws as a specialty when the industry went beyond growth and exploded into the public mind. “The law surrounding Internet gambling in the United States has been murky, to say the least,” according to Lawrence G. Walters, one of the attorneys working with gameattorneys.com.In contrast, Internet gambling laws in the U.K. have made the lives of providers and players a bit easier. The passage of the Gambling Act of 2005 has basically legalized and regulated online play in the U.K.With the objectives of keeping gambling from promoting “crime or disorder” the U.K. act attempts to keep gambling fair, in addition to protecting younger citizens and others who may be victimized by gambling operation. Unlike the United States, which still clings to the 1961 Wire Wager Act, the U.K. significantly relaxed regulations that are decades old. A gambling commission was established to enforce the code and license operators.A Whole Other CountryAccording to Walters and many other observers of the Internet gambling laws scene, the United States Department of Justice continues to view all gambling on the Internet as illegal under the Wire Act. But there are details in the federal law that defy attempts to throw a blanket over all online gambling.The Wire Wager Act forms the basis for federal action on Internet gambling laws in the United States. The law was meant to complement and support laws in the various states, focusing primarily on “being engaged in the business of betting or wagering” using wire communication to place bets or wagers on sporting events or similar contests. The law also comments on receiving money or credit that results from such a wager. The keys are “business,” “money or credit” and “wire communication facility.”But as many attorneys and proponents of fair Internet gambling laws emphasize, the federal law does not specifically address other forms of gambling. This has left the law open to interpretation when it comes to online casinos specifically and using the World Wide Web to play online games.October 13, 2006 is a crucial date in the controversy surrounding the legalization of gambling. For anyone wishing to understand Internet gambling laws, the federal law passed on that day is essential knowledge. President George W. Bush signed the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act (UIGEA), which is intended to limit some “financial transactions” used for online gambling.But even if current federal gambling laws can clearly define something as simple as a legal gambling age, the newer UIGEA has not settled all the dust raised around the issue of online gambling. Attorneys such as Walters (and many others) have pointed out that the UIGEA seems to refer only to financial transactions and wagers that are illegal where the wager or transaction is made. Some wagers may be legal while others may not be legal. It’s as simple as that.The UIGEA had some effect on Internet gambling, in that many successful companies got out of the business, at least in the United States. In fact, with the passage of the law in 2006, most U.S. online players found they could not play at an online casino or poker room, for a short time. Many of the gambling providers found ways to establish offices and servers outside of the U.S. so that could invite United States players back in.Break TimeIt’s now time to stop, take a deep breath and turn to Internet gambling laws in the various states. Some have passed their own rules and regulations (before and after UIGEA). In a few states, companies cannot operate an online gambling business. In other states it is illegal for an individual to place a bet using the Web. Some legal experts argue that these individual-state rules are unconstitutional since commerce across state lines should only be regulated by federal law, not state law. Commercial online gambling businesses don’t operate in the United States, however. If you want to visit their “home offices” you may have to travel to Malta, Gibraltar or Curacoa.The 2005 U.K. law generally allows remote sites such as these. The rules are not so relaxed in the U.S. However, a recent appellate court ruling in the U.S. states that, in at least one case, an Web-based gambling site did not violate states laws. Most legal minds urge gamblers and others interested in the issue to stay tuned.Some have given their attention to finding benefits of legalized gambling, noting that this huge industry might be a key to economic recovery in the United States. At the heart of their argument are examples such as established lotteries run by various states, in addition to the government revenues that flow in to state coffers from riverboats and land-based casinos.Part of this effort rests on the shoulders of more than 100 legal representatives working for common sense in Internet gambling laws. This hoard of attorneys has the task of trying to keep the World Wide Web/Internet free from government intervention.Bob Ciaffone is considered one of the experts on the subject of gambling and poker in general, and on the transition to online gambling. He suggests that any regulation of Web-based gambling should reduce competition from outside the U.S., so that the citizens of the U.S. would benefit in legal gambling states. His detailed plan would parallel the U.K. situation since that country passed its 2005 rules. Ciaffone also strongly urges U.S. lawmakers to keep Internet gambling laws separate from the 40-year-old Wire Act, which was passed to control illegal gambling over the telephone.In essence, Ciaffone writes that the UIGEA attempted to do the right thing, but does it in all the wrong ways. The restrictions have severely handicapped what could be a great revenue source with proper regulation, according to Ciaffone.Consider a statement on the UIGEA from the most-recognizable poker player in the world, Doyle Brunson. Though is comments apply to his favorite game of poker, they can easily relate to all Internet gambling laws. He said, in essence, that his company received good legal advice that indicates Internet poker is not “expressly” illegal. He encourages U.S. players to learn the laws of their own state.While this brief summary touches only the high points of a huge and complex subject, there are sources that have already compiled details for the various states. Check these sites:www.gambling-law-us.com/State-Law-Summarywww.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/ [http://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk]

Testing Video Games For Cash

Playing video games for a living is a dream come true for some. Playing video games for a living and getting paid for it, is not just a dream, but a reality. Imagine testing video games for cash. Take two minutes to just sit aside and think about it. If you play video games now, just for fun, why not get paid for it?Video game testing is a very large, and growing, industry and should NOT be passed up by anyone. Many things are included when becoming a video game tester. Not only do you get to test video games, but you get to do things other people would never be able, or allowed, to do. Wanna know what exactly I am talking about? Well listen up. When joining the industry you get to take part in some video game beta testing. Don’t understand me? Well, that means the game is done, but it still needs to tweak out some things. So companies will pay you to do that. Do you know anyone who can play a video game before it is released into the world……..I didn’t think so. That is an advantage of testing video games.Another advantage is getting free copies of games before anyone does. Have you blown away all your money trying to buy the newest and coolest games on the market? Well, like I said, it’s not necessary. You can just get them, FREE. That’s the amazing part. You can also take advantage of learning a load of cheat codes and “bugs” before the game is released. I wouldn’t pass up on an opportunity like this if I were you. Does this all sound to good to be true? Well it isn’t. Many people have been completely satisfied with this kind of job. Do your parents want you to get a real job? If so, call them over to the computer right now and make them read this article. Hopefully they will start agreeing that the video game industry isn’t just for goofing off and being lazy, it’s for young teens (or even adults) to make a living that will be fun and enjoyable to them. Earning money while working at a hard job is the thing of the past. Making money from home is the way to go.Think about making almost $200 dollars a day. I know that number is very big, but it is possible. Anything is possible. You can test computer games, or even console games. Don’t like the Xbox 360? Well choose the PC. Don’t like the PC? Well choose the PS3. Not fond of the PS3? Go with the Wii. It’s all up to you.Testing video games has been around for a while now and, with the industry skyrocketing in growth, it is the way of the future. With over $50 billion dollars in sales last year alone (2007), don’t expect those numbers to drop. It will only continue on growing and growing and give Video Game Testers more work to do. But making that kind of money, who can complain? Don’t hesitate on becoming a video game tester. You will NOT regret it. I PROMISE!

Solitaire Lexicon – A Glossary of Terms Used in Solitaire & Patience Card Games

When you play solitaire card games, you’ll come across a few terms which you may not be familiar with, but which can help you to understand and appreciate the game.Ascending Sequence
A run of cards that goes up in value (e.g. 9-10-J).Building
Playing one card (or group of cards) upon another, according to the rules of the game. Building may be specified one or more in several ways, according to the rules of a particular game:

By Alternate Color – Build red on black, or black on red, regardless of suit
By Color – Build red on red, or black on black, regardless of suit
By Suit – Cards must be played in a sequence of the same suit
Down – Cards must be played in a sequence of descending rank
Regardless of Suit – Build using rank alone, ignoring color and suit
Up – Cards must be played in a sequence of ascending rank Color
A standard deck has two colors: Hearts and Diamonds are red, Clubs and Spades are black.Column
A vertical pile or group of cards.Deal
To turn up cards from the deck and place them in the leayout.Deck
Most games use a standard 52-card deck of playing cards with no Jokers. There are also many games that use two 52-card decks shuffled together. A few games use non-standard or cut decks.Descending Sequence
A run of cards that goes down in value (e.g. J-10-9).Discard
Cards permanently removed from play.Face Card
A King, Queen, or Jack.Foundation
This is the ultimate destination for cards in many games. The Foundations may be part of the original layout, or they may be created during gameplay, according to the rules of the particular games.Hand
Cards remaining after a layout has been dealt. A hand must generally be kept face down until called for in the game.Layout
The initial ordering or placement of the cards on the table (or screen). The layout includes the stock, wastepile, foundations, tableau, and reserve.Pack
Another name for a deck of cards.Patience
A single-player card game. Known as “solitaire” in America.Rank
The numerical order of the cards is generally A-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-J-Q-K, with the ace ranked lowest, and the king ranked highest. In some games the ranking is continuous — downwards from 3-2-A to K-Q-J, or upwards from J-Q-K to A-2-3. Also, in some games the ace is ranked above the king. In still other games, the ace may be ranked at the top or at the bottom as a player chooses.Redeal
To pick up cards from the layout and them re-deal them. In some games the cards must be picked up in a specified order. Also, some games the cards are shuffled between redeals, and in others they are not.Reserve
Some games include a reserve, which is generally pre-filled with cards from the stock during the initial deal. These cards can often only be removed from the reserve in specific ways, which vary from game to game.Row
A horizontal pile or group of cards.Shuffle
To randomize the cards in a deck. This is typically done be hand, by splitting the deck into halves and then riffling them back together a few times. A mechanical card-shuffler may also be used. In computer solitaire, the shuffling is performed by a random-number generator.Solitaire
A single-player card game. Known as “patience” in England.Stock
Where the cards are dealt from. At the start of a hand, the stock contains the entire deck (or decks). In general, cards are removed from the stock and played to the foundations, tableau, or waste, until the stock is empty.Suit
A standard deck of playing cards has four suits: Hearts ?, Diamonds ?, Clubs ?, and Spades ?. Each suit has 13 cards (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, J, Q, K, A).Tableau
Single cards, groups of cards, or piles of cards, each of which may be manipulated as described in each game. The tableau is generally the part of each game that gives it its own distinct flavor.Value
The numerical value of a card. For number cards the value is simply the face value of the card (2, 3, 4, etc.). For the other cards, the ace generally has a value of 1, a jack has a value of 11, a queen has a value of 12, and a king has a value of 13.Wastepile
In many games, if a card cannot be played to a foundation or tableau pile, it is moved to a wastepile.Winning
This varies by game, but generally involves: putting all the cards into some predefined order; filling the foundations; or removing all the cards from the tableau.


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